Difference between Dengue & Malaria

According to WHO estimates, Malaria-related mortality has increased to around 435,000 individuals per year. On the other hand, Dengue fever has been classified as one of the world's most severe and rapidly growing mosquito-borne viral infections.

Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal Created on 13th Oct, 21

Difference between Dengue & Malaria

According to WHO estimates, Malaria-related mortality has increased to around 435,000 individuals per year. On the other hand, Dengue fever has been classified as one of the world's most severe and rapidly growing mosquito-borne viral infections. 

In Delhi, malaria and dengue fever are serious public health concerns, posing a severe threat to the lives of millions. The Delhi municipal corporation has taken aggressive steps to limit illness risk and has effectively halted the spread of Malaria. On the other hand, Dengue fever has continued to spread year over year, with countless fatalities reported around the state.

​If you are diagnosed with malaria or dengue fever, then do not waste time. Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal, one of the best general physicians in Safdarjung, Delhi, provides safe and effective treatment for malaria and dengue fever.

 

Keep reading this article to know more about the difference between dengue and malaria, their symptoms, and their treatment.

 

First, let’s know,

Is Malaria and Dengue Fever the Same Thing?

Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito, causes malaria. On the other hand, Dengue fever is spread via a mosquito bite - specifically, the Aedes mosquito. 

These mosquitoes propagate the disease by biting and transmitting the blood of Dengue virus-infected people. Malaria symptoms typically appear 7 to 20 days following the insect bite.

 

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Malaria and Dengue Fever?

Even though both Malaria and Dengue are mosquito-borne diseases, there are a few key differences.

 

Let’s see,

Signs and Symptoms of Malaria

The most common symptoms of malaria are:

  • Fever and chills.
  • Headaches.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Muscle ache and exhaustion

 

You can prevent Malaria from spreading further by keeping an eye out for the following changes:

  • Red blood cells die quickly during malaria, and the spleen is often unable to keep up with the demand for RBCs, resulting in organ failure.
  • Changes in your spleen may cause symptoms such as pain in the upper left abdomen, a feeling of being full without eating, frequent infections, or weariness.
  • Make it a point to keep track of your temperature as well. Malaria fever is most likely if the temperature rapidly increases beyond 40oC and beyond and is accompanied by chills and sweating.

 

Now, let’s know,

Symptoms of Dengue Fever 

 

Dengue fever, exhaustion, and nausea are all common symptoms of the disease, but some stick out, such as:

  • Pain behind the eyes.
  • Swollen glands.
  • Rashes

 

Your white blood cell and platelet count would drop from 1.5 to 4 lakhs to 20,000 to 40,000 when you have dengue fever. The Dengue virus can injure your bone marrow, the body's main platelet-producing centre, and generate antibodies to target platelets. Intense headaches, especially those accompanied by gnawing or throbbing pains, are warning signals to look out for. They could be the result of a capillary burst that generated significant internal bleeding.

 

Let’s understand,

What Are the Differences in Malaria and Dengue Treatment?

  • Most drugs used to treat Malaria and Dengue are designed to tackle the parasites generated in your blood due to the diseases.
  • Malaria patients with severe cases may require a continuous intravenous infusion (delivered directly into the veins using a catheter). 
  • Meanwhile, dengue fever cannot be healed. But it can be managed with a mix of drugs and intravenous infusions. You may also be required to monitor your blood pressure regularly and receive a blood transfusion if you lose a lot of blood.
  • The majority of people recover from Malaria and Dengue fever by taking recommended medications and resting completely.
  • Risk factors such as living in unsanitary neighbourhoods, tropical temperatures, and past contact with the virus must be avoided, particularly during the monsoon.
  • To lower your risk of contracting these severe infections, keep your food and water covered at all times, use insect repellents or nets, and keep yourself cleansed and sanitized, especially while walking through flooded streets.

 

Hope this article made you understand the difference between malaria and dengue fever.

 

Do you have any of the symptoms listed above? Don't get stressed out! To get your malaria or dengue fever efficiently treated, visit one of the best doctor in Safdarjung right away!