Do's and Don'ts During Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea and gastro, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract—the stomach and intestine. Symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Fever, lack of energy and dehydration may also occur.

Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal Updated on 22th Feb, 21
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The inflammation of your intestinal lining caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites is known as gastroenteritis. Usually, these germs are present in contaminated water, food, or beverages. When you consume such foods, you get infected. 

If you stay in cities like Delhi or Mumbai, the chances of getting infected are more. Due to hectic life, working people eat outside foods, untreated water, or other beverages. In This article dr Ramit Sing, the best general physician in Vasant Kunj, Delhi tells us about Gastroenteritis and we can prevent it.

What Should You Know?

Most often, dehydration occurs in gastroenteritis. Infants, children, adults, and people with weak immunity are more prone to dehydration. It mainly happens when one fails to restore fluid loss due to diarrhea and vomiting. If left untreated, dehydration may cause serious health problems such as shock, organ damage, coma, or even death. 

 

Symptoms of Gastroenteritis

Sign and symptoms of bacterial gastroenteritis usually depend on the type of bacteria that caused the infection. In viral gastroenteritis, symptoms are often seen within four hours to 2 days of contact with the virus. Common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Bloody stools
  • Loss of appetite

One may also experience symptoms like:

  • Colds, damp skin, or sweating
  • Muscle pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Weight loss 

Causes of Gastroenteritis

Consumption of food or drinks infected by bacteria causes bacterial gastroenteritis. It may also be called food poisoning. A Norovirus infection often causes viral gastroenteritis. These germs may spread into your body in several ways:

  • Use of contaminated utensils
  • Close contact with an infected person

Eating contaminated food or water in some of the following ways:

1. Improperly washed fruits or vegetables

2. Frozen or refrigerated foods stored at the incorrect temperature, mainly juices, and dairy products

4. Under-cooked meat or eggs

5. Drinking untreated water

Management of Gastroenteritis

Several people recover without treatment in a few days. The goal of gastroenteritis treatment in Delhi is to ensure that lost electrolytes and fluids in vomiting or diarrhoea are replaced by taking adequate liquids. One should take plenty of fluids between meals, despite being able to eat otherwise.

Keep Stomach Woes at Bay

Here are several foods and drinks that may help settle your stomach problems and prevent complications. Following the below advice may also help you recover faster from sickness:

Fluid Energy

Do’s

  • Drink sufficient clear liquids and electrolyte beverages such as water, coconut water, clear fruit juices, ORS, etc. These drinks help replace fluids and electrolytes in your body.
  • You should drink a small number of fluids gradually and frequently to avoid nausea due to drinking more or too fast.
  • If an infant is suffering from gastroenteritis, the mother can breastfeed her baby.    

 

Don’ts

  • Avoid fruit drinks, caffeinated drinks, carbonated drinks, fruit juices with lots of sugar.
  • Young children should avoid taking sports beverages.
  • Avoid soy formula while feeding an infant. 

Eat Right

Do’s

  • Binge on washed fruits and freshly made salads.
  • Prefer consuming well-cooked vegetables.
  • Add foods like rice, pasta, and bread to your diet to replace lost nutrients.
  • Eat foods that contain soft, non-spicy, and low fibre foods that are easy to digest.
  • You can have curd or yogurt in your diet in small portions.

Don’ts

  • Avoid eating solid, canned, and street food.
  • Avoid fried or fatty food such as potato chips, pastries, ice cream, and jellies.
  • Take a break from much spicy food, dry fruits, sweet cereals, etc.

Seek Care Right Away

  • Anyone with severe dehydration symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhoea should immediately consult a gastroenteritis doctor in Delhi.
  • Contact your doctor in Vasant Kunj immediately if your child has vomiting or diarrhoea.
  • Consult one of the best general physician in Vasant Kunj if diarrhoea worsens or does not reduce within 2 days in a child or 5 days for an adult. 
  • Take medical care if your child has vomiting for over 12 hours. 

Prevent the Spread

  • The best prevention is to clean your hands properly with soap and water before cooking or eating food.
  • One should ensure hygiene in the kitchen by properly cleaning utensils and kitchen implements.
  • You should keep the proper placement of raw foods and ready-to-eat foods to avoid infection.
  • Ensure that you cook food perfectly, mainly fish and meats. Before storing food, reheat food properly.
  • Discard food if there is doubt in its quality or safety.

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