One of the common reasons for patients visiting general physician in Safdarjung, New Delhi, is hypertension, usually known as high blood pressure or high BP.
The long-term force of blood towards artery walls leads to hypertension. Blood pressure is measured in two ways: the amount of blood the heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries.
Hypertension contributes to severe disorders such as heart disease. Several studies have found a link between blood pressure and the risk of heart disease in men and women of all ages, regardless of culture, social, or economic differences.
This blog gives general information about high blood pressure, its treatment, and more.
First, let's know,
What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is characterized as having a blood pressure of greater than 140 over 90 mmHg, as concluded by medical standards. It indicates that the systolic pressure (the rate at which the heart pumps blood throughout the body) is more significant than 140 mmHg, and the diastolic pressure (the pressure at which the heart relaxes and refills with blood) is greater than 90 mmHg.
High blood pressure can be quickly detected, and there are a variety of ways to manage it. However, most patients with high blood pressure would have no signs or symptoms.
The signs of elevated blood pressure are not always obvious, and they usually don't appear until the condition becomes life-threatening.
Now, let's discuss the,
Types of Hypertension
1. Primary hypertension
Primary hypertension progresses slowly over a long period, and the cause of elevated blood pressure in this situation is unknown. Most adults with sedentary lifestyles may develop primary hypertension at some point in their lives.
2. Secondary hypertension
The type of elevated blood pressure caused by an underlying disorder is known as secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension can occur in people with kidney disorders, fatty liver, thyroid problems, alcohol abuse, tumors, or sleep apnea.
Now, let's know the,
Symptoms and Risk Factors for Hypertension
High blood pressure is known as 'The Silent Killer,' and it can damage the cardiovascular system without causing any symptoms.
Some of the risk factors for hypertension are:
Age: High blood pressure is more likely to develop as you get older. Men are more likely than women to have elevated blood pressure after 45 and women after 65 years.
Family history: High blood pressure runs through families.
Obesity: Have a close eye on your weight. More the weight, the more blood you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. The more blood you require, the higher the blood pressure in the vessels, putting pressure on artery walls.
Becoming physically inactive: Getting physically inactive raises the possibility of being overweight.
Tobacco consumption: Chemicals in tobacco weaken the lining of artery walls. It leads to their narrowing, resulting in elevated blood pressure.
Higher salts (sodium) in the diet: If you overeat salt, the body will retain fluid, which will raise your blood pressure.
Potassium deficient diet: Potassium helps to keep the sodium levels in the cells in control. You can accumulate too much sodium in your blood if you don't get enough potassium in your diet.
Excess alcohol intake
Uncontrolled high blood pressure may cause:
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Weakening or narrowing of kidney blood vessels
- Thickening or narrowing, or splitting of ocular blood vessels
- Metabolic syndrome
- Difficulty with memory or understanding
Now, let's discuss the,
Treatment of Hypertension
There are many types of antihypertensive medications to treat hypertension. To lower blood pressure, you will need to make lifestyle modifications, regardless of what medications the general physician doctor in Delhi prescribes.
Suggested lifestyle changes:
- Having a healthier diet with limited salt
- Exercising regularly
- Quitting smoking
- Limiting alcohol intake
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Consumption of a fruit and vegetable-rich diet
- Practice relaxation or breathing exercises
- Maintain the blood pressure
- Take prescribed medications on time
- Make an effort to live a healthy life
- Manage stress
If you make the suggested lifestyle modifications, you can deal with hypertension efficiently and lead a healthy life.