Hypertension, often known as high blood pressure or BP, is a common illness in which the blood's long-term push on artery walls causes health problems such as heart disease. Blood pressure is measured in two ways: first, by the volume of blood, the heart pumps, and second, by the degree of resistance to blood flow in arteries. Several studies have found a link between blood pressure and the risk of heart disease in men and women of all ages, independent of cultural, social, or economic differences.
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There are two forms of hypertension-
Primary hypertension: Hypertension caused by the body's mechanisms. This condition is also known as essential hypertension. When there is no recognized cause for your high blood pressure, it is referred to as this. The most frequent kind of hypertension is this. This sort of blood pressure generally develops over a long period. It's most likely the effect of your lifestyle, surroundings, and how your body develops as you get older.
Secondary hypertension: Hypertension that develops as a result of something else. This occurs when your high blood pressure is caused by a medical condition or medication. Secondary hypertension can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
· Problems with the kidneys.
· Apnea (sleep deprivation).
· Problems with the thyroid or adrenal glands.
· Some pharmaceuticals.
What are the signs and symptoms of hypertension?
The majority of persons with high blood pressure have no symptoms. This is why it's known as "the silent killer." It is critical to have your blood pressure tested regularly.
High blood pressure can cause headaches, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath in certain people. However, such symptoms can be mistaken for a variety of other problems (serious or non-serious). These symptoms usually appear when blood pressure has risen to a dangerously high level over time.
What factors contribute to high blood pressure?
High blood pressure can be caused by food, medicine, lifestyle, age, and heredity. Your doctor can assist you in determining the source of yours. High blood pressure can be caused by several reasons, including:
· A high-salt, fat, and/or cholesterol diet.
· Kidney and hormone issues, diabetes, and excessive cholesterol are all chronic diseases.
· High blood pressure runs in your family, especially if your parents or other close relatives have it.
· Insufficient physical activity.
· Getting older (the older you are, the more likely you are to have high blood pressure).
· Obesity means being overweight.
· Racial discrimination (non-Hispanic black people are more likely to have a high blood pressure than people of other races).
· Some birth control pills, as well as other medications.
· Tobacco usage or excessive alcohol consumption.
Is it possible to prevent or avoid high blood pressure?
If you have high blood pressure due to lifestyle factors, you can take the following actions to lower your risk:
· Reduce your weight.
· Quit smoking.
· Eat healthily.
· Reduce the amount of salt you consume.
· Reduce how much alcohol you consume.
· Find out how to relax.
Consult your doctor if your high blood pressure is caused by an illness or a medication you're taking. He or she might be able to provide you an alternative prescription.
Furthermore, addressing any underlying condition (such as diabetes management) can aid in the reduction of high blood pressure.
Treatment for hypertension
The best approach to control blood pressure is to adopt lifestyle changes that will help you lower your blood pressure and lessen your risk of heart disease. Your doctor may also recommend medication to help you reduce your blood pressure. Antihypertensive medications are what they're called.
The objective of treatment is to get your blood pressure back to where it should be. Your doctor may recommend a medication that is simple to use and has minimal if any, adverse effects. This therapy is quite effective. If you can only regulate your blood pressure with medication, you'll have to take it for the rest of your life. It's typical to require more than one medication to keep your blood pressure under control. Do not stop taking your medication without first consulting your doctor. You may raise your chances of getting a stroke or heart attack if you don't.