Initial Symptoms and Treatment for Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a contagious infection that usually attacks your lungs. It can also spread to other parts of your body, like your brain and spine. A type of bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes it.

Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal Created on 6th May, 21

Tuberculosis (TB) is a common disease, affecting both adults and infants. It is one of the three main fatal infectious diseases in the world. 

Tuberculosis is a matter of concern in Delhi, where many people are affected by it. Fortunately, it can be prevented and treated. For comprehensive treatment, you can consult the general physician in Safdarjung, New Delhi.

The signs of tuberculosis, an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, can appear after the infection becomes active, which may take several weeks. 


Inactive tuberculosis, also known as latent tuberculosis infection, occurs when an infected person shows no symptoms.


Tuberculosis mainly infects the lungs, but it can infect any organ, and even people with a strong immune system have a 10% risk of contracting the disease.


What are the causes of tuberculosis?

causes of tuberculosis

The tuberculosis bacteria can only be transmitted by people who have an active tuberculosis infection. It spreads through droplets from one individual to the next. 


When an infected person sneezes, coughs or speaks, tiny droplets of saliva or mucus are released into the air, which another person may inhale.


It is more likely to happen if you live near someone who has tuberculosis (TB) or if you often visit places where TB is prevalent. When infectious particles enter the lungs' air spaces, macrophage cell engulfs the TB bacteria. 


The bacteria then spread through the lymphatic system and bloodstream to other organs with high oxygen pressure, such as the lungs, kidneys, brain, and spinal cord.


According to Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal, one of the best general physician in Safdarjung New Delhi, the chance of contracting active tuberculosis is higher in people who have the following diseases as it weakens the immune system:

  • Kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Head or neck cancer
  • Malnutrition
  • Long-term use of steroids

What are the symptoms of tuberculosis?

People with latent TB have no symptoms as the bacteria are in an inactive state. People with tuberculosis can experience the following symptoms:

  • A severe cough that lasts three weeks or more
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up mucus or blood
  • Loss of weight
  • Fatigue
  • Chill
  • Fever
  • Night-time sweating
  • Shortness of breath

It can cause swollen glands under the arms or the neck's sides if it spreads outside the lungs. It may cause pain and swell in the knee or hip if it spreads to the bones and joints.


How can tuberculosis be treated and prevented?

As tuberculosis is a bacterial infection, the doctor in Safdarjung, New Delhi uses antibiotics to treat it. These antibiotics are used in conjunction with other therapies for a period of 6 to 12 months.


You may need hospitalization for a brief period before returning home to continue taking your medicine. After some weeks, you should be able to resume regular activities without fear of infecting others.


You must continue taking medication correctly for the complete duration of your treatment. You may become ill again if you take the medication wrongly or stop taking it, and you can infect someone with tuberculosis.


Treatment for tuberculosis takes a long time because the bacteria causing it to develop and die slowly. When it comes to TB care, patience is needed because one of the most common causes of treatment failure is people's failure to adhere to the medical regimen.


The following are some suggestions for safeguarding family and friends:

  • For the first few weeks of treatment, avoid going to public places like school and even sleeping with other people in the same room.
  • Maintain proper ventilation in your room. Since tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small enclosed spaces, keep windows open for air circulation.
  • When you laugh, sneeze, or cough, cover your mouth with a tissue. Place the soiled tissue in a bag, seal it, and then discard it.
  • If someone is around you for the first few weeks, wear a surgical mask to reduce the possibility of transmission.

Tuberculosis is curable, but if not treated correctly, it can become dangerous. So, if you or a loved one is experiencing any of the symptoms of tuberculosis, see a general physician doctor in Delhi right away.