A urinary tract infection, also known as a UTI, is an infection that affects every portion of your urinary system, including your kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
If you're a woman, you're more likely to get a urinary tract infection. It affects about one out of every ten men at some point in their lives.
Many people in Delhi, especially women, suffer from urinary tract infections. As a result, they require proper treatment for their urinary tract infections.
Dr Ramit Singh Sambayal, the best general physician in Vasant Kunj, Delhi, provides effective urinary tract infection treatment.
What are the symptoms of UTI?
People suffering from urinary tract infection do not always have signs and symptoms of the same, but when they are, they can include:
- Urge to urinate that is heavy and continuous
- Urinating with a burning sensation
- Frequent urinating but significantly less amount of urine
- Urine that has a cloudy appearance
- Blood with your urine
- Urine with a strong odour
- Pelvic pain, particularly in the centre of the pelvis and around the pubic bone, is common in women.
Now that we have learned the symptoms of urinary tract infection, let us discuss the reasons for developing the same.
UTI happens when any bacteria enter your urinary tract via the urethra and multiply in the bladder. However, the urinary system is there to fight against these microscopic invaders. When these protections do not work properly, bacteria enter and cause infections.
- Infections: Escherichia coli (E. coli), a form of bacteria typically found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, is the most common cause of this type of UTI. Whereas, few other bacteria can also instigate the urinary tract infection.
- Sexual activity: Though women may develop urinary tract infections by sexual activity, it is not the only reason. With the short distance between their urethra and the anus, and the urethral opening to the bladder, women are at risk of developing UTI.
- Urethra infection: You may develop UTI as a result of an infection in your urethra.
So, what are the risk factors associated with the disease?
Urinary tract infections risk factors include:
Anatomy of a woman: A woman's urethra is shorter than a man's. As a result, the bacteria can easily travel to enter your bladder.
Sexual activity: UTIs are more common in sexually active women than in others. Having a new sexual partner increases the risk as well.
Birth control: Women who use diaphragms for birth control and those who use spermicidal agents may be at a higher risk.
Menopause: After menopause, your estrogen circulation gets reduced. As a result, it brings changes in your urinary tract, making you more susceptible to infection.
Urinary tract obstructions: If there is an obstruction in your urinary tract, it will create problems in passing the urine. Hence, there is a high risk of urinary tract infection.
Suppressed immune system: UTIs can develop due to diabetes and other diseases that damage the immune system.
Usage of a catheter: UTIs are more common in people who can't urinate on their own and urinate through a catheter.
So, what are the treatments available for UTIs?
When it comes to urinary tract infections, antibiotics are usually the first line of defence. Your health condition and the type of bacteria present in your urine will determine which medications are administered and for how long.
If you have developed simple infections, our doctor in Vasant Kunj may prescribe the following medications:
- Trimethoprim or sulfamethoxazole
If you experience UTIs very frequently, our doctor can suggest you
- Antibiotics at low doses, usually for six months but often for longer.
- If your infections are caused by sexual activity, you will only need one dose of antibiotic.
- If you are postmenopausal, vaginal estrogen therapy may help you.
If you have a severe UTI, you may require hospital care with high dosages of intravenous antibiotics.