Water-borne diseases to watch out during Monsoons

The water-borne illnesses have consistently been an issue in India, with the manifestations and related conditions deteriorating with the appearance of the storm. Read on to know the full information.

Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal Created on 10th May, 21

While the arrival of the monsoon provides much-needed relaxation from the uncomfortable heat of the summer sun, it also brings with it some health risks. 

With monsoons, it's essential to keep an eye out for the illnesses and diseases that they're likely to carry. Despite the fact that all of us are taking every precaution against the seasonal flu, particularly with COVID-19 instances on the rise, hazardous waterborne illnesses are going unnoticed. 

So, it is best to learn from the best general physician in Safdarjung, New Delhi, about the most common water-born complications in the rainy season.


Wate-borne diseases have always been a problem in India, with the symptoms and associated conditions worsening with the arrival of the monsoon. 


The monsoons in India are marked by long periods of rain, which unintentionally bring groundwater and sewage into contact. 


This negative relationship leads to an accumulation of germs in the bloodstream, leading to various illnesses, including diarrhoea, dysentery, fatigue, and other symptoms.


The following are the most common waterborne diseases to be aware of as per your general physician in Delhi:

waterborne diseases

Cholera :

Cholera, which is considered one of the most common waterborne illnesses, leads to severe diarrhoea and dehydration. This illness, which is caused by a potent bacterial strain known as Vibrio Cholera, can rapidly spread and affect many populations.


As in cholera, the bacterium forms a direct bond with the digestive system, causing the infection to spread at an uncontrolled rate. 


The only way to avoid that is to drink filtered water that has been through several stages of filtration, like UV, MF, and Reverse Osmosis. To begin with, boiling water is a popular and valuable procedure.


Dysentery :

Dysentery is a complete digestive complication that is most prominent during intense monsoons and is often referred to as a symptom. 

  • A moderate fever,
  • dehydration,
  • fatigue,
  • frequent stomach cramps

These are all symptoms of the condition. The monsoons in India reduce access to safe drinking water. That's why dysentery is a significant health problem in rural and also some urban areas.


Typhoid :

During the monsoon season, bacterial infections such as typhoid are common. Salmonella Typhi is responsible for this waterborne outbreak. Typhoid is a disease that causes -

  • fever
  • body aches
  • sweating
  • constipation

It is most often seen in developing countries where people have no access to safe drinking water.


Giardia :

Despite its unusual name, Giardia is purely a bacterial disease spread by water sources. Unlike most diseases that continue to improve, the Giardia parasite can live in the intensive care unit for years. 

  • Rapid losing weight
  • bloating
  • stomach pain

These are all typical signs.



Hepatitis-A is a liver infection that occurs after drinking polluted water or coming into contact with an infected human. 

  • Jaundice
  • fatigue
  • decreased appetite
  • rashes
  • a sudden fever

These are some of the most noticeable symptoms.


Although most waterborne illnesses are at their worst during the monsoons, the only way to fight them is to ensure good water hygiene and purification levels. 


However, if you experience any of the above symptoms after taking precautions, you should visit your general physician doctor in Delhi right away for a health checkup. 


Apart from outstanding diagnostic facilities, Dr. Ramit also provides trustworthy consultations, vaccines against illnesses, and home-based health services for those who do not want to be admitted.


Symptoms of diseases spread by water

The most frequent signs are those related to the digestive system. It is possible to experience 

  • stomach pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhoea
  • dysentery

Such signs include polio-related meningitis, hepatitis caused by the hepatitis A and E viruses, and jaundice.


Now let us see how to diagnose waterborne illness

A regular stool inspection is usually appropriate. Routine blood tests can show anaemia or a high ESR in patients with long-term illnesses.


Tips for preventing waterborne infections in general

  • You should wash your hands adequately before touching food or drinking water.
  • Waste pipes should not contaminate water drains.
  • Repair leaking pipes right away and stay away from outside food if you have any doubts about its consistency.
  • You should wash properly raw food products under running water.
  • If symptoms escalate and you feel dehydrated, get medical help right away.
  • Do not try to self-medicate because different diseases need different treatments.
  • Maintain a safe environment. Stay away from filthy, overcrowded areas.
  • Drinking water should be kept in sealed containers or clean glasses.