Have you noticed your skin turning red, swollen, and an increasing urge to itch your skin? If yes, then you may be suffering from a skin allergy.
If this condition persists for a couple of days, it is time to seek medical help by visiting Dr. Ramit Singh Sambyal in Vasant Kunj, Delhi.
Dr Ramit Singh Sambyal is one of the most reliable General and Emergency Physicians in Delhi with seven-plus years of experience. Dr Ramit Singh Sambyal will conduct a physical examination to diagnose the skin condition properly.
He will prescribe medication along with ointments for skin allergy, if necessary. He could even advise you to undergo a pathological test to determine the exact cause and type of allergy.
What is skin allergy?
Skin allergy is the body's immune response when the body perceives a threat through an allergen. As defined by the American Academy of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology, an allergen is a usually harmless substance capable of triggering a response that starts in the immune system and results in an allergic reaction.
Symptoms of Skin Allergy
The most common and visible symptoms of skin allergy are
- Skin flaking and cracking
- Tiny boils
Treatment of Skin Allergy
Medications and topical ointments usually treat a Skin allergy condition. It is best to seek Dr Ramit Samyal's advice rather than self-medication. After an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will suggest the most suitable medicines and ointment for a speedy recovery. In general, the doctor's prescription could include
- Calamine lotion
- Hydrocortisone cream
Causes of Skin Allergy
Similarly, you may be in touch or in contact with the allergen for quite some years before developing an allergy. Once the allergy develops, the allergic reaction could be visible either in a couple of minutes or in a couple of days after coming in contact with an allergen.
Some of the most common causes of skin allergy are -
- Sunscreen and Insect Sprays
- Latex found in balloons, plastic gloves, elastic clothing
- Cleaning detergents and liquids
- Antibiotics and Anti-itch creams
- Metal called nickel used in soaps, shampoos, makeup cosmetics, jewellery, and buttons for denims.
- Heavy and hard chemicals
People with existing skin disorders such as eczema, inflammation in the lower limbs due to less circulation, or itching in the genital area are likely to contract skin allergy.
Conditions of skin allergy
1 . Eczema
Eczema is also referred to as atopic dermatitis. The most visible and common symptoms of eczema are itch, red and dry skin. There will be fluid-fills boils that ooze out either a clear or a yellow fluid in case of an infection. Most patients with eczema have a family history of allergies.
2 . Hives
Hives are also known as urticaria. This condition is identified by red bumps all over the body. Hives occur due to an infection or when the patient comes in contact with an allergen.
3 . Contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes in contact with an allergen. It is identified by burning sensation, blisters, rash, and itching of the skin. Most common allergens include nickel, plants, medications, cosmetics, perfumes, plastic, latex gloves, harsh chemicals, and so on. Excessive exposure to water and the sun can also cause skin allergy.
Diagnosis of skin allergy
If the skin allergy condition recurs or persists for more than six weeks, Dr Ramit Samyal will prescribe pathological tests to diagnose the cause of the allergy accurately. These tests are
T.R.U.E. test (Thin-layer Rapid Use Epicutaneous Patch Test) – It is a patch test that requires you to wear patches on your back for two days for the allergic reactions to take place.
R.O.A.T. test (Repeat Open Application Test) – This test is the next level test and requires you to test the suspected allergen yourself. You either get in touch with it or use it on your body and observe the reaction for the suggested period.
Dimethylglyoxime test – This test is done to check the nickel's reaction present in the jewellery when used by you.